Alan Aldrigde, The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr en George Harrison Alan Aldrigde, The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics (c) Alan Aldrigde, The Beatles Illustrated Lyrics

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Composer(s) : Lennon and McCartney
Year : 1965

Chords/Tabs: Girl

Notes on "Girl" (G)

KEY c minor/E-flat Major


------ 2X --------

FORM Verse -> Refrain -> Bridge -> Refrain -> Verse ->

Refrain -> Verse (instrumental) -> Refrain (fadeout)


Style and Form

- This predominantly acoustic, stylized folk ballad embodies many of the trends, themes, and techniques that characterize the overall image of _Rubber Soul_. It often does seem unfairly lost in the shadow cast by certain bigger hits on the album. Yet, even though it may be neither as trenchant as "Norwegian Wood" nor as sublime as "In My Life", "Girl" does contain much to be admired; particularly in its intense yet oblique baring of the author's heart it lies directly along a vector from the earlier "You've Got Hide Your Love Away".

- Considering that the Beatles didn't go in for full-fledged modulations all that much in their songs, this one is quite notable for the way in which it keeps changing key throughout. In particular, it makes use of the technique of alternating between a minor key and its relative Major towards ends that are both expressive and structural. Paul would appear to have as much a soft spot as John for this gambit over the long run. Off the top of my head we've seen it most before in "Not a Second Time" , "And I Love Her" , and "Yesterday."

- The form is of interest for its inclusion of *both* a refrain and a bridge, as well as its placement of the instrumental solo so near to the very end; the latter, yet another gonnection with "You've Got Hide Your Love Away"

Melody and Harmony

- The choice of chords is straightforward throughout. This allows one to more undistractedly focus in on the systematic changes of key which, as stated, are the arena of harmonic interest in the song.

- The melody is similarly uncomplicated though a nice exotic touch is to be found in the augmented seconds (as in "girl who came to stay") made possible by the so-called 'harmonic minor' scale.


- The strumming acoustic guitar work oom-pah bassline of the backing track are, in large part, the sources of the overall folky flavor of the track.

- John's single track lead vocal has a quivering sincerity that is intensified by the placement of the tune so high in his range, and the rhythmic fexibility given to his scanning of the words against the underlying meter. Lewisohn describes it as "sultry"; I relate to it more as "extremely direct presence".

- In the refrain the backing voices provide a classically Beatles-like italicizing of title word. In the bridge they provide a uniquely "naughty" (again, nach ML) scat singing backwash.

- With the exception of two significant momentary lapses the backing rhythm is carried by a rocking or lilting of implied fast triplets. The lapses occur in the bridge and final verse where a shift to exactingly even eighth note motion signals a mood change; the even motion connoting a "no mincing of words" kind of rise above the more relaxed and resigned feeling of the triplets. This use of surface rhythm as a combination leitmotif and articulative/associative device is (IMHO) a mark of extreme compositional sophistication.

- Layering the arrangement a bit had always been a favorite trick of theirs, but here it's carried a step more subtle. What sounds like either a mandolin or acoustic 12-string adds a counter-melody to the lead vocal in the second verse. This idea is further developed in the final (and completely instrumental) verse section by the addition of a *second* counter-melody (this one sounding very much like a finger picked sitar!) played in counterpoint to the one that had already been heard the previous time around. The choice to recapitulate the "no mincing" rhythm in *this* verse, so late in the song and the only instrumental section of it to boot, is an uncanny and unfying stroke.



- The song opens completely "in medias res" (recall your High School studies of Greek tragedy!) without any intro, fanfare, or even an instrumental cue for the start note. In the Beatles oeuvre this is relatively rare, but when it happens it's always treat -- look back, for example, at "She Loves You" , "It Won't Be Long", "All My Loving" , "Can't Buy Me Love", and "You're Going To Lose That Girl."

- The verse is eight measures long and is built out of two parallel phrases; the melodies of which are identical but with a small different twist in the chord progressions:

|c G |c |f |E-flat G | c minor: i V i iv VI V |c G |c |f |c | i V i iv i - This section is entirely in the minor mode with a i-to-i closed shape, though the first phrase does end with a rather prophetic deceptive/fake pass at the relative Major.


- The refrain is brief and most bittersweet; just four measures built out of two short parallel phrases. Harmonically, I have some doubt as to what is intended as the second chord of the first measure. My gut and "mind's ear" tells me that the overall progression of this section is the R&R classic cliche of I-vi-IV-V (E-flat, c minor, A-flat, and B-flat respectively); indeed, there's at least one book in which I've seen this stated this with apparent confidence. What complicates life for me is Paul's downward scale-wise bassline: if D is the bassline note played against the second chord, it strikes me as more dissonant against a c minor chord than what is heard on this recording; below I opt for a g minor chord (in the 6/4 'second inversion', no less) with a 4-3 appoggiatura in the tune. Try it on for size and call me in the morning if it doesn't seem to fit:

------------------------------ 2X ----------------------------- chord: |E-flat g |A-flat B-flat | bass: |E-flat D |C B-flat | E-flat: I iii6/4 |IV6/3 V | f minor:IV - The lyrics consist of the title 'word' plus a pitchless phoneme that is, with great calculation, executed indeterminately somewhere in between a hiss of frustration on the one hand, and on the other side, a sigh of deepest regret that is comingled with a moan of jealous, unquenchable desire. The key change in this section to the supposedly more cheerful Major mode works at ironic cross-currents to those ambigously blue-mood phonemes.


- The bridge is structured similarly to the verse, being eight measures long and built out of two parallel phrases that have identical melodies with a slightly varied harmonization for the second one:

|f |C |f |C | f minor: i V i V |f |C |f |A-flat | i V i III E-flat: IV - The mood intensifies here in every way that you could measure it. There's a modulation to f minor. The tune shifts over to a rantingly rhetorical hammering style; not to mention the even eighth note rhythm and the 'tit-tit' backing vocals.

- The words too intensify. The attitude earlier in the song had been more on the side of sadness than anger, but starting here and continuing into the final sung verse a streak of bitter and not entirely becoming pique and anger exposes itself. How true to form it is, as well, for John's hurt to be revealed as critically linked on some level to humiliation in public by the words and deeds of his beloved.


- The most intruiging aspect of this song is how it manages to forge an ultimately coherent statement out of what on the surface would seem to be a tangle of internally contradictory and changable, confused sentiments. There's a restless emotional shifting of mood and perspective as we move from one section to the next as the song unfolds; this is reinforced on the purely musically plane by the extent to which the key and melodic style changes every time to match.

- It is as though coherence is dynamically established here as a kind of tense truce drawn for the moment between the negative anxiety and hurt of the verses and bridge articulated explicitly by words, and and the ineffible certainty of desire of the refrains, left entirely implicit and embedded between the phonemes.


Alan (

--- "She'll only reject me in the end..." 062493#84 --- Copyright (c) 1993 by Alan W. Pollack All Rights Reserved This article may be reproduced, retransmitted, redistributed and otherwise propagated at will, provided that this notice remains intact and in place.

Ook op Rubber Soul:

ChordsNotes On
Drive My Car Drive My Car
Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)
You Won't See Me You Won't See Me
Nowhere Man Nowhere Man
Think for Yourself Think for Yourself
The Word The Word
Michelle Michelle
What Goes On What Goes On
Girl Girl
I'm Looking Through You I'm Looking Through You
In My Life In My Life
Wait Wait
If I Needed Someone If I Needed Someone
Run for Your Life Run for Your Life

Ook op 1962-1966:

ChordsNotes On
Love Me Do Love Me Do
Please Please Me Please Please Me
From Me to You From Me to You
She Loves You She Loves You
I Want to Hold Your Hand I Want to Hold Your Hand
All My Loving All My Loving
Can't Buy Me Love Can't Buy Me Love
A Hard Day's Night A Hard Day's Night
And I Love Her And I Love Her
Eight Days a Week Eight Days a Week
I Feel Fine I Feel Fine
Ticket to Ride Ticket to Ride
Yesterday Yesterday
Help! Help!
You've Got to Hide Your Love Away You've Got to Hide Your Love Away
We Can Work It Out We Can Work It Out
Day Tripper Day Tripper
Drive My Car Drive My Car
Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)
Nowhere Man Nowhere Man
Michelle Michelle
In My Life In My Life
Girl Girl
Paperback Writer Paperback Writer
Eleanor Rigby Eleanor Rigby
Yellow Submarine Yellow Submarine

(c) 2024 Serge Girard